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Home > Hair Care > Hair Types & Treatments
Hair Types & Treatments
Dry Hair

Dry hair occurs when your scalp produces a less than average amount of oils to naturally moisturize the shaft. Hormones do not influence dry hair. Dry hair tends to occur in the darker shades, and it holds a style for along time. Dry hair does not respond well to perms or coloring and will become brittle due to water loss unless great care it taken. Dry hair looks dull and lifeless. This type of hair craves moisture, and in most instances requires a healthy dose of protein.


Dry HairDry hair needs protection in the form of emollients and lubricants, which will lay down the outside cuticle layer of the hair and create shine. Daily cleansing and conditioning with moisturizing and emollient treatments will go a long way towards alleviating a dry, tight scalp, while replenishing lost moisture and proteins along the hair shaft.

Moisturizers contain "Humectants" that not only replace lost moisture but also actually attract moisture and retain it in the cortex of the hair. Therefore use moisturizers, which have "Humectants" in it. Essential fatty aids (EFA`s) are great moisturizers. One of the most cost effective essential fatty acids is safflower oil. The scalp produces the best EFA`s called sebum but sebum cannot reach upto the entire length of the hair if the hair is long.

Hence it is necessary that to treat dry hair, you have to use proper conditioners and moisturizers. Follow a diet rich in zinc. Use a mild herbal shampoo and avoid harsh ones since the chemicals in them can strip hair of its outer protein layer, further drying the scalp. Do not use electric curlers and hair dryers.

Treatment

  • Take a few drops of safflower oil in your palms and carefully take your hair (while dry) and apply the small amount of oil to the ENDS first and work towards the scalp. By applying safflower oil your dry hair will have the proper amount of humectants to attract and retain moisture.


  • Leave this in your hair for atleast 2 hours before washing. Use a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner (on ends only) every other day. Rinse with water alone on off days. Avoid heat styling (blow-drying, flat ironing) as often as possible because it damages your hair.


  • Use a shampoo with a rich emollient that will clean and soften your hair.


  • If you have dandruff, use a shampoo with coal tar.


  • After you`ve washed, conditioned, added styling product, and dried your hair, rub a little facial moisturizer onto your palms and run them through your hair. Then brush your hair to distribute the moisturizer.


  • When you`re at the beach, spread some of the sunscreen you use on your body through your hair so that it doesn`t dry out and get crispy.


  • Naturally dry hair, unlike dry hair caused by processing or coloring, is not weak or brittle, so you can use a conditioner that contains ingredients like ammonium salts to make your hair soft and manageable


  • If the ends are extra dry, look for a conditioner with protein or balsam.


  • For styling products, look for alcohol-free ones.


  • Grey HairGrey Hair

    Grey Hair is a symptom of improper protein synthesis. Hair grows white when the colour pigment (melanin) ceases to be produced in the hair follicle and small air spaces take its place. Pigment cells located at the base of each hair follicle produce the natural dominant colour of our youth. However, as a person grows older and reaches middle age, more and more of these pigment cells die and colour is lost from individual hairs.

    The result is that a person`s hair gradually begins to show more and more grey. Individual hairs each have an outer layer (the cuticle) of overlapping flat cells, underneath, which is the thick cortex, which consists of horn-like keratin. The inside of the hair is made of softer, rectangular cells. Hair colour is determined by the concentration and depth of melanin pigment in the cortex - this produces the whole spectrum of hair colour from blond to black, with very fair people having almost no melanin. When these melanocytes die, then the hair turns grey. Melanocytes produce the pigment melanin and they are the cells responsible for much of the coloring of the human body, including the hair. With age the melanocytes lose their ability to make pigment, so color is absent from new hair.

    Grey hair is usually associated with ageing, but this is not always the case. Early greying of the hair is basically hereditary, and we can inherit it from one of our parents or grandparents. So if your father`s hair started to turn grey in his thirties there is a good chance yours will too. Grey hair can also be influenced by stress. A person experiencing a prolonged period of stress and anxiety may notice, over a period of time, white hairs gradually appearing.

    Malnutrition, worry, shock, deep sorrow, tension and other similar conditions may also slow down the production of melanin resulting in grey hair. Severe illness too can stop or affect the production of melanin. However, scientists have not been fully able to explain the exact causes of this change in colour of the hair.

    Contrary to popular belief pulling out one grey hair will make two grow in its place is a myth. What can happen, however, is that if your hair is starting to turn grey and you pull one grey hair out, it may well be that the neighboring grey hair is just about to start growing, therefore two hairs in close proximity will appear at about the same time.

    Treatment

  • Amla is the best cure for grey hair and falling hair. Regular massage of amla paste rubbed into the scalp has worked wonders in many cases, frequently reversing the process of greying or falling off of hair.


  • Massage your hair with coconut oil and lemon everyday for at least 15 minutes. There are instances of people having black hair even up to the age of 60-70 years by using this method.


  • Soak about 10 to 12 rithas and 3-4 shikakai pods overnight in a pint of water. Next day, boil for a few minutes and strain. Use this liquid as a normal shampoo. Separately soak 10 to 12 dried amlas in half a cup of water overnight. Strain and use as a hair conditioner after your head bath. Leave it on the hair for ten minutes and rinse your hair with clean warm water. This will leave your hair smooth and shiny and also stop premature greying of your hair.


  • Mix lemon juice in castor oil and beat till frothy. Add henna in to it. Apply the mixture evenly over the scalp, and bathe after an hour using `shikakai` and ritha shampoo as above. This checks greying of hair.


  • Take a cup of strong black tea (without milk), and to this add a tablespoon of salt. When cold, strain the tea and massage it on the roots. Leave it on for an hour, and then rinse with cold water. Do not shampoo it.


  • Nourishment and proper grooming is very important to keep the hair texture, growth, shin and luster in a good condition. Therefore use a shampoo & conditioner that suits your hair type. Choose products that are gentle, preferably without any harsh detergent like sodium lauryl sulfate. For daily washes, use a shampoo that is mild, gentle & moisturizing. Don`t use too much conditioner or else it makes hair greasy.


  • Daily, massage your hair with your fingertips; it helps proper blood circulation in the scalp.


  • Oily HairOily Hair

    Oily hair tends to be very strong and healthy, and is easily styled. However, it loses its style quickly and becomes stringy and limp, and is prone to dandruff.

    Treatment

  • Be sure to brush regularly and to massage your scalp to promote circulation. These actions do not increase oil production and they will maintain your hair`s health.


  • Use a cleansing-only shampoo. Ones with citric juice or malic acid will be especially effective in removing excess grease.


  • Don`t use a baby shampoo. They will probably be too gentle to provide much cleansing. Avoid conditioning shampoos because they contain oils and waxes that will only add weight to your hair.


  • If you have dandruff, use a shampoo with sulfur. Your doctor can give you a prescription for a very strong sulfur shampoo.


  • If you use a conditioner, you don`t need one with aloe, balsam, protein, jojoba oil, or waxes. Look for ones with hydrolyzed proteins or silicones. If you have processed hair, apply the conditioner only at the ends of your hair where it`s drier.


  • The best after-shampoo treatment is to add the juice of 1 lemon in a cup of warm water and pour it all over your hair. Rinse out with cool water. Lemon juice is an astringent that will close the pores in your hair, blocking the release of oil, and will make your hair shiny.


  • The best styling product is mousse because it does not contain oils and will add volume.


  • Always blow-dry away from your scalp. Letting your hair dry naturally as it rests on your scalp allows it to pick up oils.


  • Don`t use hair spray. It`ll only collect dust and moisture from the air.


  • Coarse HairCoarse Hair

    Hair that feels rough is dull, hard to style, and flyaway - is not dry hair and cannot be treated using dry-hair products. Most curly hair is in this category. While this type of hair is most common in African Americans, coarseness occurs in every gene pool. Actually, this kind of hair is very strong and is very healthy. Chemical straightening will relax the shaft so it can be styled, but it must be repeated frequently, which exposes your hair to stress.

    Treatment

  • Use alkaline-based products to soften the shaft. Use a shampoo without proteins, balsam, or bodybuilding ingredients.


  • First wash your hair with very warm water. You can also use warm or cool water. However, coarse hair, since it`s so strong, can handle a warmer temperature.


  • Use a simple crθme rinse - not a conditioner - with few ingredients.


  • Add your crθme rinse to hot water and double or triple the concentration recommended on the product`s label. Keep it on your hair for at least 15 minutes.


  • Rinse with warm water for a longer time take at least a minute.


  • Use a towel and pat your hair and gently absorb the water Don`t rub since it might create friction that will roughen up the shaft.


  • After you`ve dried your hair, rub a little facial moisturizer onto your palms and run them through your hair. Then brush your hair to distribute the moisturizer. This usually occurs when too much conditioning remains on the shaft, making each shaft heavy so that it lies flat on the scalp.
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