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Home > Hair Care > Hair Types, their Problems & Treatments
Hair Types, their Problems & Treatments

Dry Hair

Dry hair occurs when your scalp produces a less than average amount of oils to naturally moisturize the shaft. Hormones do not influence dry hair. Dry hair tends to occur in the darker shades, and it holds a style for along time. Dry hair does not respond well to perms or coloring and will become brittle due to water loss unless great care it taken. Dry hair looks dull and lifeless. This type of hair craves moisture, and in most instances requires a healthy dose of protein.

Dry hair needs protection in the form of emollients and lubricants, which will lay down the outside cuticle layer of the hair and create shine. Daily cleansing and conditioning with moisturizing and emollient treatments will go a long way towards alleviating a dry, tight scalp, while replenishing lost moisture and proteins along the hair shaft.

Moisturizers contain "Humectants" that not only replace lost moisture but also actually attract moisture and retain it in the cortex of the hair. Therefore use moisturizers, which have "Humectants" in it. Essential fatty aids (EFA`s) are great moisturizers. One of the most cost effective essential fatty acids is safflower oil. The scalp produces the best EFA`s called sebum but sebum cannot reach upto the entire length of the hair if the hair is long.

Hence it is necessary that to treat dry hair, you have to use proper conditioners and moisturizers. Follow a diet rich in zinc. Use a mild herbal shampoo and avoid harsh ones since the chemicals in them can strip hair of its outer protein layer, further drying the scalp. Do not use electric curlers and hair dryers.


  • Take a few drops of safflower oil in your palms and carefully take your hair (while dry) and apply the small amount of oil to the ENDS first and work towards the scalp. By applying safflower oil your dry hair will have the proper amount of humectants to attract and retain moisture.

  • Leave this in your hair for atleast 2 hours before washing. Use a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner (on ends only) every other day. Rinse with water alone on off days. Avoid heat styling (blow-drying, flat ironing) as often as possible because it damages your hair.

  • Use a shampoo with a rich emollient that will clean and soften your hair.

  • If you have dandruff, use a shampoo with coal tar.

  • After you`ve washed, conditioned, added styling product, and dried your hair, rub a little facial moisturizer onto your palms and run them through your hair. Then brush your hair to distribute the moisturizer.

  • When you`re at the beach, spread some of the sunscreen you use on your body through your hair so that it doesn`t dry out and get crispy.

  • Naturally dry hair, unlike dry hair caused by processing or coloring, is not weak or brittle, so you can use a conditioner that contains ingredients like ammonium salts to make your hair soft and manageable

  • If the ends are extra dry, look for a conditioner with protein or balsam.

  • For styling products, look for alcohol-free ones.

  • Grey Hair

    Grey Hair is a symptom of improper protein synthesis. Hair grows white when the colour pigment (melanin) ceases to be produced in the hair follicle and small air spaces take its place. Pigment cells located at the base of each hair follicle produce the natural dominant colour of our youth. However, as a person grows older and reaches middle age, more and more of these pigment cells die and colour is lost from individual hairs.

    The result is that a person`s hair gradually begins to show more and more grey. Individual hairs each have an outer layer (the cuticle) of overlapping flat cells, underneath, which is the thick cortex, which consists of horn-like keratin. The inside of the hair is made of softer, rectangular cells. Hair colour is determined by the concentration and depth of melanin pigment in the cortex - this produces the whole spectrum of hair colour from blond to black, with very fair people having almost no melanin. When these melanocytes die, then the hair turns grey. Melanocytes produce the pigment melanin and they are the cells responsible for much of the coloring of the human body, including the hair. With age the melanocytes lose their ability to make pigment, so color is absent from new hair.

    Grey hair is usually associated with ageing, but this is not always the case. Early greying of the hair is basically hereditary, and we can inherit it from one of our parents or grandparents. So if your father`s hair started to turn grey in his thirties there is a good chance yours will too. Grey hair can also be influenced by stress. A person experiencing a prolonged period of stress and anxiety may notice, over a period of time, white hairs gradually appearing.

    Malnutrition, worry, shock, deep sorrow, tension and other similar conditions may also slow down the production of melanin resulting in grey hair. Severe illness too can stop or affect the production of melanin. However, scientists have not been fully able to explain the exact causes of this change in colour of the hair.

    Contrary to popular belief pulling out one grey hair will make two grow in its place is a myth. What can happen, however, is that if your hair is starting to turn grey and you pull one grey hair out, it may well be that the neighboring grey hair is just about to start growing, therefore two hairs in close proximity will appear at about the same time.


  • Amla is the best cure for grey hair and falling hair. Regular massage of amla paste rubbed into the scalp has worked wonders in many cases, frequently reversing the process of greying or falling off of hair.

  • Massage your hair with coconut oil and lemon everyday for at least 15 minutes. There are instances of people having black hair even up to the age of 60-70 years by using this method.

  • Soak about 10 to 12 rithas and 3-4 shikakai pods overnight in a pint of water. Next day, boil for a few minutes and strain. Use this liquid as a normal shampoo. Separately soak 10 to 12 dried amlas in half a cup of water overnight. Strain and use as a hair conditioner after your head bath. Leave it on the hair for ten minutes and rinse your hair with clean warm water. This will leave your hair smooth and shiny and also stop premature greying of your hair.

  • Mix lemon juice in castor oil and beat till frothy. Add henna in to it. Apply the mixture evenly over the scalp, and bathe after an hour using `shikakai` and ritha shampoo as above. This checks greying of hair.

  • Take a cup of strong black tea (without milk), and to this add a tablespoon of salt. When cold, strain the tea and massage it on the roots. Leave it on for an hour, and then rinse with cold water. Do not shampoo it.

  • Nourishment and proper grooming is very important to keep the hair texture, growth, shin and luster in a good condition. Therefore use a shampoo & conditioner that suits your hair type. Choose products that are gentle, preferably without any harsh detergent like sodium lauryl sulfate. For daily washes, use a shampoo that is mild, gentle & moisturizing. Don`t use too much conditioner or else it makes hair greasy.

  • Daily, massage your hair with your fingertips; it helps proper blood circulation in the scalp.

  • Oily Hair

    Oily hair tends to be very strong and healthy, and is easily styled. However, it loses its style quickly and becomes stringy and limp, and is prone to dandruff.


  • Be sure to brush regularly and to massage your scalp to promote circulation. These actions do not increase oil production and they will maintain your hair`s health.

  • Use a cleansing-only shampoo. Ones with citric juice or malic acid will be especially effective in removing excess grease.

  • Don`t use a baby shampoo. They will probably be too gentle to provide much cleansing. Avoid conditioning shampoos because they contain oils and waxes that will only add weight to your hair.

  • If you have dandruff, use a shampoo with sulfur. Your doctor can give you a prescription for a very strong sulfur shampoo.

  • If you use a conditioner, you don`t need one with aloe, balsam, protein, jojoba oil, or waxes. Look for ones with hydrolyzed proteins or silicones. If you have processed hair, apply the conditioner only at the ends of your hair where it`s drier.

  • The best after-shampoo treatment is to add the juice of 1 lemon in a cup of warm water and pour it all over your hair. Rinse out with cool water. Lemon juice is an astringent that will close the pores in your hair, blocking the release of oil, and will make your hair shiny.

  • The best styling product is mousse because it does not contain oils and will add volume.

  • Always blow-dry away from your scalp. Letting your hair dry naturally as it rests on your scalp allows it to pick up oils.

  • Don`t use hair spray. It`ll only collect dust and moisture from the air.

  • Coarse Hair

    Hair that feels rough is dull, hard to style, and flyaway - is not dry hair and cannot be treated using dry-hair products. Most curly hair is in this category. While this type of hair is most common in African Americans, coarseness occurs in every gene pool. Actually, this kind of hair is very strong and is very healthy. Chemical straightening will relax the shaft so it can be styled, but it must be repeated frequently, which exposes your hair to stress.


  • Use alkaline-based products to soften the shaft. Use a shampoo without proteins, balsam, or bodybuilding ingredients.

  • First wash your hair with very warm water. You can also use warm or cool water. However, coarse hair, since it`s so strong, can handle a warmer temperature.

  • Use a simple crθme rinse - not a conditioner - with few ingredients.

  • Add your crθme rinse to hot water and double or triple the concentration recommended on the product`s label. Keep it on your hair for at least 15 minutes.

  • Rinse with warm water for a longer time take at least a minute.

  • Use a towel and pat your hair and gently absorb the water Don`t rub since it might create friction that will roughen up the shaft.

  • After you`ve dried your hair, rub a little facial moisturizer onto your palms and run them through your hair. Then brush your hair to distribute the moisturizer. This usually occurs when too much conditioning remains on the shaft, making each shaft heavy so that it lies flat on the scalp.

  • Hair Loss

    Loss of hair at a very tender age has become a common disorder these days. Hair loss can be because of number of problems but the main cause according to scientists is a progressive condition known as androgenetic alopecia or common hereditary hair loss. In androgenetic alopecia, combination of heredity, hormones and age causes progressive shrinking or miniaturization of certain hair follicles which result in no hair growth at all after certain period of time.

    Usually we lose about 100 hair per day, after a few months, a new hair grows out of the same follicle. But, because of this condition hair growth becomes absolutely nil resulting in baldness. Other causes of hair loss are stress, skin disorders or serious disease, childbirth, shock, excessive drug intake, wrong eating habits, subjecting your hair to chemical treatments etc. Wrong eating habits and inadequate nutrition in your diet also causes loss of hair.


    In order to have beautiful and thick hair growth you need to have adequate essential nutrients in the daily diet. Hair is made of protein and therefore adequate protein is necessary for healthy hair. Your diet should be rich with proteins and minerals. You require a daily intake of 100 grams of protein, which you can take either through protein supplements, or by milk, buttermilk, yogurt, soybean, eggs, cheese, meat and fish. A lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, B6, B12, folic acid, biotin, iron, copper and iodine may cause hair loss and premature graying.

    Lack of inositol is also a cause for loss of hair. Inositol is available in foods such as yeast, liver and molasses. Thus, if your diet is rich in iodine, protein, vitamin, iron and inositol, then you can have long lustrous locks. Eat lots of green vegetable and fruits supplemented with foods such as milk, vegetable oils, honey, wheat germ, yeast, eggs and liver.


  • These are a few helpful tips to help regenerate hair follicles, but they do not cure any underlying conditions, or stress-related hair loss.

  • Take dietary supplements such as Vitamin B6, protein & Silica. Supplements are useful when you can`t get enough from natural food sources.

  • Get enough sleep and have a balanced and healthy diet.

  • Regularly massage your scalp after a hair wash. It will activate the sebaceous glands and there will be effective circulation of blood in the affected area, making the hair grow healthy.

  • Apply coconut milk all over the scalp and massaging it into the hair. It will nourish the hair and promote hair growth. The coconut milk can be prepared by grinding the coconut malai and squeezing the residue.

  • Application of the juice of green coriander leaves on the head is also considered beneficial for hair growth.

  • Massage your scalp with Amla oil, prepared by boiling dry pieces of amla in coconut oil. Rinse your hair with a mix of apple cider vinegar and sage tea this helps hair grow.

  • Try drinking blend bananas with honey, yoghurt & low-fat milk.

  • Dandruff

    The term "dandruff", has become an embarrassing condition characterized by itchy or flaky scalp. Millions of people across the globe are affected dandruff, itchy or flaky scalp. Although no one really knows for sure what causes the flakes and itches of dandruff researchers suggest they may be an inflammatory reaction triggered by too much of the microscopic yeast-like organism normally found in small amounts on healthy scalps.

    By definition, common dandruff is an overproduction and build-up of dead skin cells. Your scalp, like the rest of your body, is covered with skin cells. As the skin renews itself, the top layer of old cells die and come off. Normally, the entire renewal process takes about two to three weeks. But for some, this process gets speeded up. The scalp increases its production of cells, causing the dead ones to pack together and build up on the scalp resulting in an itchy and red scalp. Then the dead skin sloughs off as white or grey flakes on your collars and shoulders.

    Dandruff is caused due to food allergies; allergies to hair care products; a combination of cold weather, low humidity and dry indoor heat; infrequent shampooing; and that standby root of most health problems -- stress. However dandruff cannot be associated with dry skin. Dandruff can actually cause due to overproduction in the scalp`s oil glands and people with oilier scalp are more likely to have this disorder.


  • Message your scalp with essential oils like rosemary, cedar, lemon and eucalyptus to reduce flaking and itchiness of the scalp. `Methi` seeds are also helpful in fighting dandruff. Soak them overnight, grind the next morning, mix in the juice of need leaves and apply on the scalp.

  • The first and probably most simple step in treating dandruff is frequent and effective shampooing of the hair and scalp. This washes away flakes before they can build up and helps soothe itchy scalp. Mix 8-tbsp. peanut oil with the juice of half a lemon. Rub the mixture into your hair, leave on for 10 minutes and then wash as usual.

  • Eat a well balanced diet and make at least 50 percent of your diet raw food.

  • Avoid or decrease your intake of fried foods, dairy products, sugar, chocolate and nuts.

  • Split Ends

    Trichoptilosis is a longitudinal splitting of hair fiber better known as "split ends". It develops after the protective cuticle has been stripped away from the end of hair fibers as a result of over processing. Any chemical or physical trauma that weathers the hair may eventually lead to split ends. Vigorous brushing can even induce it. Typically the damaged hair fiber splits into two or three strands and the split may be two or three centimeters in length. However the greater the damage to the hair fiber the more severe the split ends may be.


  • You cannot mend split ends; the only way to get rid of them is to trim your hair occasionally, tiny trims every four weeks, and following with deep-conditioning treatments in order to keep strands supple and flexible. Use good conditioners and don`t blow dry your hair on high heat. This type of a maintenance routine should ensure that splits don`t crop up at all.

  • Don`t brush hair when it`s wet, because that`s when it is at its most vulnerable.

  • Buy a natural-bristle brush that won`t pull on hair and ultimately break it off, thereby causing a possible split end.

  • Wear a hat to minimize sun damage.

  • Condition after shampooing, and use a deep conditioner once a month.

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